Diabetes is a disease that affects the circulatory system and make your body experiencing interruptions in levels of sugar (glucose).
In General glucose is very important for human health because in the body we will definitely need a source of energy for the growth of the human body and it can provide nutrients for the formation of the muscles and tissues of the human body.
Sugar has a very vital role in the development of the human brain where glucose as a very important ingredient in the vitality of the brain.
This is because the human brain requires glucose in sufficient amounts.
In diabetics where unequal levels of glucose in the blood circulation disorders can trigger cardiovascular disease in which excess or shortage of sugar to make the body off balance.
No matter whatever type of diabetes in which the body loses balance can trigger some diseases of primary and secondary.
For example if someone is excess sugar levels in the blood will lead to serious symptoms where the body is not able to produce enough insulin so diabetics during acute and chronic will lose important functions where organ pancreas not producing insulin in the amount suggested by the body.
The Symptoms Of DiabetesSymptoms of diabetes sufferers with very hung with levels and the number of high and low levels of sugar in the blood.
The difference in sufferers of type 1 diabetes early symptoms diabetes look real. But in people with type 2 diabetes in the General conditions are not visible symptoms.
Diabetes symptoms in general are:
- Always feel hungry and thirsty
- Blurred vision
- Wounds that are difficult to recover
- Frequent urination
- Quickly tired
- Irregular blood pressure
In the case of type 1 diabetes cause factor of occurrence of this disease is not known with certainty, but in some cases are caused by genetic factors (descendant) and environment where unhealthy life pattern in which the consumption of sugar is a major factor the cause.
In the case of type 2 diabetes a cause factor of diabetes is caused due to the development of the environment and the life patterns that trigger diabetes sufferers such as hereditary factors and other factors are descended.
Differences from the case of diabetes type 1 and 2 is the weight, if in type 1 diabetes is generally found to be overweight, but type 2 diabetes is not all people have excess weight.
Risk factors for type 1 Diabetes:The family disease history was dominant in which sufferers there are relationship related to diabetes from parents who have a history of type 1 diabetes.
The consumption of foods that have a low vitamin D and less exposed by the morning sunlight also has a history of type 1 diabetes is high, but the condition is not absolutely happens at other diabetics.
Environmental factors of residence with the condition of bacteria and viruses, such as the rubella
virus causes diabetes, in, and human coxsackievirus B4 can result in the onset of type 1 diabetes where environmental conditions also allow the occurrence of this disease, such as exposure to viral diseases may play some role in type 1 diabetes.
Have systems where damaging auto anti bodies in diabetics who have tested the ability of antibodies in killing bacteria or foreign matter but the workings of the system to make damage to the immune system and it can trigger an increase in the risk of onset of type 1 diabetes.
The environmental conditions of a region may affect the increase in type 1 diabetics where Asian countries such as India, China and Indonesia have type 1 diabetes sufferers, in European countries such as Sweden, Finland also has diabetes Type 1.
Risk factors for type 2 Diabetes:The family disease history where there are elderly people who suffer from type 2 diabetes, then it can potentially lower type 2 diabetes to children.
The difference of the human race as Hispanic, American Indian and Asian-Americans-are at a higher risk of suffering from type 2 diabetes.
Gestational diabetes occurs if while you're pregnant and gave birth to a baby weighing over 4 kg, it might as well be as risk in the direction of type 2 diabetes.
Women who suffer from diseases such as polycystic ovarian syndrome primer, then the secondary symptoms of type 2 diabetes generally occurs where marked with irregular menstrual symptoms, genital hair growth becomes lush and often occurs in women the experience of being overweight.
Overweight where hoarding a lot amount of fat in the body resulting in the cells in your body being resistant or more sensitive to insulin, on the condition the sufferer often get acute symptoms of type 2 diabetes.
Less motion and sports can also trigger someone suffering from type 2 diabetes where less doing physical activity and eat a lot of high sugar can increase body weight.
Factor in high blood pressure is a factor in the primary and secondary symptoms in type 2 diabetes is the sufferer will increase blood pressure namely 140/90 mmHg and the many things happening on the primary disease sufferers who experience hypertension.
Factors of cholesterol and triglycerides is a primary factor in the onset of diabetes sufferers with which the symptoms increase in triglycerides in the blood triggers an increase in type 2 diabetes.
Primary and Secondary complications of DiabetesIn diabetics with primary disease could trigger a secondary diseases, namely cardiovascular disease symptoms which the circulatory system that may cause pain in the chest or known by the symptoms of angina pectoris, secondary symptoms other than Cardio is a heart attack, TIA (Trans Ischemic Attack) and arteriosclerosis or narrowing of arteries disease called with.
Sense numbing at the tip of the hand and the base of the feet caused by nerve damage with symptoms of neuropathy which in sufferers with excess sugar can cause tingling.
Other symptoms of nerve damage by diabetes is erectile dysfunction in men.
Diabetes can damage the delicate filtering system on your kidneys can occur where more severe damage can lead to kidney failure or end-stage renal disease, which may irreversibly need dialysis or transplantation These secondary symptoms of kidney, kidney damage is known by the name ills nephropathy.
In diabetics very vulnerable with an attack of bacterial and fungal skin diseases where such as tinea pedis, tinea cruris and fungus cause itching in the vaginal or known by the name candida albican is a secondary disease by the inability of the body produce insulin so that the fungus thrives because it requires the excess sugar to grow and develop so that diabetics are very vulnerable with fungus and bacterial infections.In diabetics that attack organs of the eye can damage the blood vessels of the retina of the eye disease known as diabetic retinopathy which disease with eye damage (diabetic retinopathy) caused blindness.
Bad blood flow to the legs due to nerve damage caused by diabetes can increase the risk of various foot complications.
DiagnosisDiagnosis of diabetes can be upheld if positive blood test result as follows:
- Random blood sugar test IE without fasting taken positive and random blood sugar levels above 200
- Test Hemoglobin A1C test positive
- Fasting blood sugar test taken with positive laboratory test sample Treatment
Treatment And MedicationOral medications such as Metformin Glucophage, Glumetza is generally the first medication prescribed for type 2 diabetes.
In some people who have type 1 diabetes, a pancreas transplant may be an option in which islet transplantation is able to treat your complaint.
Treatment for type 2 diabetes with bariatric Surgery where sufferers with type 2 diabetes who have a body mass index higher than 35 require surgery bariatric physician for the treatment of diabetes.
Control your blood sugar 4-8 times a day with blood sugar checks automatically, such as brand Necso or another, this aims to control blood sugar at the time the increase or decrease in insulin therapy action so quickly can recover the condition of the body so that is not the case of the secondary symptoms of diabetes.
Type 1 diabetics require insulin therapy to survive beside it type 2 diabetes or diabetes insulin therapy also requires gestational, which diabetics should be injected insulin so that the concentration of glucose in the blood circulation become normal.
PreventionSpecific disease type 1 Diabetes is not curable and preventable, but can be controlled so that the sufferer does not increase blood glucose by way of changing lifestyles and limiting foods containing high glucose.
Prevention of diabetes type 1 and type 2 are the same they are:
- Choose a healthy meal where the food low in fat and calories and high in fiber such as fruits that doesn't taste sweet, vegetables and grains is the right choice for the prevention of diabetes
- Choose low-calorie sugar and replace it with a low-calorie corn sugar as sugar brand Tropicana slim.
- Oral diabetes medications such as metformin Glucophage, Glumetza or other oral medications may reduce risk of type 2 diabetes.
- Do 50 steps, where the road with quick steps in a day and (not run) were able to prevent a rise in blood sugar levels. can a Diet with weight loss is the right choice for diabetics are obese which keep the diet and reduce fat and carbohydrates is the choice of an appropriate diet for diabetics.
Hopefully the information on diabetes types 1 and 2 are useful and help you